Bonding refers to the pattern in which bricks are laid.
The primary purpose of a bond is to ensure the brickwork is strong and stable, however bonds can also have a dramatic effect on the visual appearance of a wall. There are a number of ways in which the stretcher (the longer, rectangular face) and the header (the shorter, square face) can be laid.
• Stretcher Bond
With the Stretcher bond, courses are laid as stretchers with the joint of one course falling midway between the joints of the courses below.
• English Bond
The traditional English brick bond alternates between stretching and heading courses, with headers centred over the stretchers underneath.
• Flemish bond
The traditional Flemish brick has alternative stretchers and headers on every course, with the headers centred over the stretchers underneath.
• English Garden Wall bond
The decorative English garden wall bond has three courses of stretchers between every course of headers, often in a different colour.
• Stack bond
In vertical or horizontal stack bonds, the bricks do not overlap. It’s a decorative laying pattern, which delivers a striking visual effect.
• Wild bond
A wild bond is where the bricks are laid in a seemingly random formation, which delivers a cobbled, authentically traditional appearance.